Assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene service availability in healthcare facilities in the greater Kampala metropolitan area, Uganda

A cross-sectional study was conducted in 60 HCFs in Uganda. Availability of WASH services in the study HCFs was assessed using a validated WASH Conditions (WASHCon) tool comprising of structured interviews, HCF observations and microbial water quality analysis.

Assessment of water, sanitation and hygiene in HCFs: which tool to follow?

A review of nine available assessment tools for WASH in HCF published in Reviews on Environmental Health.

Eritrea Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Bottleneck Analysis Report

Government of Eritrea and the United Nations Children’s Fund analyzed bottlenecks hindering the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in Eritrea. The results identified the major bottlenecks for WASH in institutions to be (i). Lack of policy and legal framework that includes provisions for operational sustainability; (ii). Lack of a well-functioning coordinating body; (iii) Unsupportive conditions (lack of an enabling environment) for the application of service delivery models; (iv) Insufficient funding that arises from weak institutional and individual capacities to create a successful mechanism to raise funds and diversify sources of funding; (v) Lack of a well-established monitoring feedback system to improve decision-making at different levels; and (vi) Weak institutional, individual and financial capacities to develop a human resources strategy. The main underlying causes of the major bottlenecks for WASH in institutions are limited human, financial, institutional and organizational capacities of institutions, and low levels of commitment of policy- and decision-makers. The report cited that the total financing gap to implement the recommended activities to remove the bottlenecks to service delivery in WASH in institutions is about USD 3.73 million.